CBD Products and Drug Testing
CBD oil has received a lot of popularity since hemp was legalized in 2016. Before this, hemp was illegal, and those looking for cannabinoids or the chemicals found in marijuana or hemp would simply obtain marijuana. The legalization of hemp paved the way for new products to develop such as cannabidiol or CBD and other cannabinoids that are found in hemp. Because these cannabinoids are derived from the same types of plants as marijuana, many people have become concerned that CBD has the same effects as marijuana. Marijuana contains another cannabinoid called tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, and it is the psychoactive chemical that causes euphoria.
CBD and THC
When the U.S. Department of Agriculture legalized hemp in 2016, they did so with the stern regulation that THC would remain illegal. Some states have legalized marijuana as well, and in these states, there has been more of a marijuana boom and less of a CBD boom. But in states where marijuana is still illegal, many consumers are flocking to places where CBD is being sold. In these states, CBD is usually regulated and cannot contain more than .3 percent THC.
Why Are People Using CBD?
People are using CBD for its medicinal effects. The United States Food and Drug Administration has only legalized CBD for use in seizure disorders, and the laws vary from state-to-state. Some states strictly regulate the growth, processing, and distribution of hemp and require medical permission to acquire CBD oil. Other states allow CBD to be put in creams, tinctures, lotions, gummies, chocolates, and even dog treats.
The research is still being done, but there is a lot of anecdotal evidence suggesting that CBD has positive effects on anxiety, depression, pain, inflammation, and other ailments. Similar research exists on THC, but in states where marijuana is still illegal and CBD can be bought at gas stations, it’s easier and less risky to use CBD than it is to use marijuana.
CBD and Drug Testing
Employees and employers alike are worried that CBD might test positive on a CBD drug test. To date, there is no specific drug testing for CBD, but most CBD contains some THC, for which there is a test. The legal limit of THC in CBD in most states is .3 percent. Full-spectrum CBD, which is minimally processed and contains most of the hemp plant’s phytochemicals and other cannabinoids, may contain more THC in some products. For health, full-spectrum is often preferred due to the entourage effect, whereby all of the different cannabinoids and terpenes in hemp work together to provide positive effects. Large amounts of CBD that include enough THC might test positive on a CBD drug test. Daily use of between 1,000 and 2,000 mg of some CBD products could lead to testing positive.
Purer CBD, as in isolate CBD, may not contain as much THC and will have a higher concentration of CBD. Isolate CBD won’t have the entourage effect and may not have the same benefits as full-spectrum CBD, but there is less likelihood that it will contain enough THC to test positive on a CBD drug test.
High THC and Low THC Hemp
Of course, where the hemp is cultivated and what type of hemp is used will play factors in whether or not there is a significant amount of THC in CBD products to test positive on a CBD drug test. Some hemp is high in THC naturally, while other types of hemp are low in THC naturally. The hemp that was legalized is industrial hemp and should be low in THC. This means that most CBD products should be low in THC and not test positive for THC on a CBD drug test. Unfortunately, the industry is not well-regulated and consumers are recommended to do their research to make sure they are receiving quality products that meet industry standards.